The government of the Republic of Congo has decided to make telecommunications a sector of socio-economic development for the populations, while reassuring it enough so that it is conducive to the full expression of its potential.
Meeting in the Council of Ministers on March 6, 2019, it examined for this purpose two bills and five draft decrees under the supervision of Denis Sassou N’Guesso, the head of state.
In all, seven pieces of legislation were presented by Léon Juste
In the draft decree, there is the one laying down the procedures for implementation, access and universal service of electronic communications. It obliges the operators of electronic communications services to contribute to the missions and tasks of developing the universal service of electronic communications. A fund to promote the development of electronic communications networks in areas where this development is not profitable is planned.
It is followed by the draft decree laying down the terms and conditions for the management of funds for access and the universal service of electronic communications. It defines the management and management bodies of the fund and sets the division of powers between the Management Committee and the Agency for the regulation of poses and electronic communications.
On the subject of legislation, there is the one on cybersecurity. It covers all prevention, protection and discussion measures, technical, organizational, legal, financial, human, procedural, and other measures to achieve the safety objectives related to the use of electronic communications networks and information systems.
It is followed by the Anti-Cybercrime Bill, which sets out the legal framework applicable to all those who violate the confidentiality, integrity, fraudulent introduction and interception of data, privacy systems, information, the unlawful processing of personal data, the use of networks for illegal activities. It specifies the penalties for both correctional and criminal offenders.
The draft law on electronic transactions comes in 3 rd spot. It will regulate all communications and data exchange on computer networks. It provides for a clear definition of the various concepts and concepts used in the sector, a precise delimitation of the responsibility of service providers and related actors and a recognition of the freedom of communication by electronic means as well as a consecration, in a double concern of efficiency and security, electronic writing as the equivalent of multilevel paper support.
For the bill creating the National Agency for Security Information Systems, it aims to provide the country with a structure for prevention, protection and deterrence against attacks on digital infrastructure that undermine only the security and sovereignty of States, but also their economy.
Finally, the draft law on the protection of personal data must respond to the need to preserve the fundamental rights and freedoms of users of telecom services, especially their privacy, in a context where the growing digital world is becoming sufficiently intrusive.